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Binary Pow

A
package com.thealgorithms.maths;

public class BinaryPow {

    /**
     * Calculate a^p using binary exponentiation
     * [Binary-Exponentiation](https://cp-algorithms.com/algebra/binary-exp.html)
     *
     * @param a the base for exponentiation
     * @param p the exponent - must be greater than 0
     * @return a^p
     */
    public static int binPow(int a, int p) {
        int res = 1;
        while (p > 0) {
            if ((p & 1) == 1) {
                res = res * a;
            }
            a = a * a;
            p >>>= 1;
        }
        return res;
    }

    /**
     * Function for testing binary exponentiation
     *
     * @param a the base
     * @param p the exponent
     */
    public static void test(int a, int p) {
        int res = binPow(a, p);
        assert res == (int) Math.pow(a, p) : "Incorrect Implementation";
        System.out.println(a + "^" + p + ": " + res);
    }

    /**
     * Main Function to call tests
     *
     * @param args System Line Arguments
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        // prints 2^15: 32768
        test(2, 15);

        // prints 3^9: 19683
        test(3, 9);
    }
}