#### Binomial Distribution

R
```"""For more information about the Binomial Distribution -
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binomial_distribution"""

from math import factorial

def binomial_distribution(successes: int, trials: int, prob: float) -> float:
"""
Return probability of k successes out of n tries, with p probability for one
success

The function uses the factorial function in order to calculate the binomial
coefficient

>>> binomial_distribution(3, 5, 0.7)
0.30870000000000003
>>> binomial_distribution (2, 4, 0.5)
0.375
"""
if successes > trials:
raise ValueError("""successes must be lower or equal to trials""")
if trials < 0 or successes < 0:
raise ValueError("the function is defined for non-negative integers")
if not isinstance(successes, int) or not isinstance(trials, int):
raise ValueError("the function is defined for non-negative integers")
if not 0 < prob < 1:
raise ValueError("prob has to be in range of 1 - 0")
probability = (prob**successes) * ((1 - prob) ** (trials - successes))
# Calculate the binomial coefficient: n! / k!(n-k)!
coefficient = float(factorial(trials))
coefficient /= factorial(successes) * factorial(trials - successes)
return probability * coefficient

if __name__ == "__main__":
from doctest import testmod

testmod()
print("Probability of 2 successes out of 4 trails")
print("with probability of 0.75 is:", end=" ")
print(binomial_distribution(2, 4, 0.75))
```