#### Conways Game of Life

I
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```"""
Conway's Game of Life implemented in Python.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conway%27s_Game_of_Life
"""

from __future__ import annotations

from PIL import Image

# Define glider example
GLIDER = [
[0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0],
[0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0],
[1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0],
[0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0],
[0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0],
[0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0],
[0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0],
[0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0],
]

BLINKER = [[0, 1, 0], [0, 1, 0], [0, 1, 0]]

def new_generation(cells: list[list[int]]) -> list[list[int]]:
"""
Generates the next generation for a given state of Conway's Game of Life.
[[0, 0, 0], [1, 1, 1], [0, 0, 0]]
"""
next_generation = []
for i in range(len(cells)):
next_generation_row = []
for j in range(len(cells[i])):
# Get the number of live neighbours
neighbour_count = 0
if i > 0 and j > 0:
neighbour_count += cells[i - 1][j - 1]
if i > 0:
neighbour_count += cells[i - 1][j]
if i > 0 and j < len(cells[i]) - 1:
neighbour_count += cells[i - 1][j + 1]
if j > 0:
neighbour_count += cells[i][j - 1]
if j < len(cells[i]) - 1:
neighbour_count += cells[i][j + 1]
if i < len(cells) - 1 and j > 0:
neighbour_count += cells[i + 1][j - 1]
if i < len(cells) - 1:
neighbour_count += cells[i + 1][j]
if i < len(cells) - 1 and j < len(cells[i]) - 1:
neighbour_count += cells[i + 1][j + 1]

# Rules of the game of life (excerpt from Wikipedia):
# 1. Any live cell with two or three live neighbours survives.
# 2. Any dead cell with three live neighbours becomes a live cell.
# 3. All other live cells die in the next generation.
alive = cells[i][j] == 1
if (
(alive and 2 <= neighbour_count <= 3)
or not alive
and neighbour_count == 3
):
next_generation_row.append(1)
else:
next_generation_row.append(0)

next_generation.append(next_generation_row)
return next_generation

def generate_images(cells: list[list[int]], frames: int) -> list[Image.Image]:
"""
Generates a list of images of subsequent Game of Life states.
"""
images = []
for _ in range(frames):
# Create output image
img = Image.new("RGB", (len(cells[0]), len(cells)))

# Save cells to image
for x in range(len(cells)):
for y in range(len(cells[0])):
colour = 255 - cells[y][x] * 255
pixels[x, y] = (colour, colour, colour)

# Save image
images.append(img)
cells = new_generation(cells)
return images

if __name__ == "__main__":
images = generate_images(GLIDER, 16)
images[0].save("out.gif", save_all=True, append_images=images[1:])
```