#### Decimal to Roman Numeral

```/**
* @file
* @brief This Programme Converts a given decimal number in the range [0,4000)
* to both Lower case and Upper case Roman Numeral
*/

#include <cmath>
#include <cstdio>
#include <cstring>
#include <iostream>

/** This functions fills a string with character c, n times and returns it
* @note This can probably be replace by `memcpy` function.
*/
std::string fill(char c, int n) {
std::string s = "";
while (n--) s += c;
return s;
}

/** to convert to lowercase Roman Numeral
* the function works recursively
*/
std::string tolowerRoman(int n) {
if (n < 4)
return fill('i', n);
if (n < 6)
return fill('i', 5 - n) + "v";
if (n < 9)
return std::string("v") + fill('i', n - 5);
if (n < 11)
return fill('i', 10 - n) + "x";
if (n < 40)
return fill('x', n / 10) + tolowerRoman(n % 10);
if (n < 60)
return fill('x', 5 - n / 10) + 'l' + tolowerRoman(n % 10);
if (n < 90)
return std::string("l") + fill('x', n / 10 - 5) + tolowerRoman(n % 10);
if (n < 110)
return fill('x', 10 - n / 10) + "c" + tolowerRoman(n % 10);
if (n < 400)
return fill('c', n / 100) + tolowerRoman(n % 100);
if (n < 600)
return fill('c', 5 - n / 100) + 'd' + tolowerRoman(n % 100);
if (n < 900)
return std::string("d") + fill('c', n / 100 - 5) +
tolowerRoman(n % 100);
if (n < 1100)
return fill('c', 10 - n / 100) + "m" + tolowerRoman(n % 100);
if (n < 4000)
return fill('m', n / 1000) + tolowerRoman(n % 1000);
return "?";
}

/** to convert to uppercase Roman Numeral
* the function works recursively
*/
std::string toupperRoman(int n) {
if (n < 4)
return fill('I', n);
if (n < 6)
return fill('I', 5 - n) + "V";
if (n < 9)
return std::string("V") + fill('I', n - 5);
if (n < 11)
return fill('I', 10 - n) + "X";
if (n < 40)
return fill('X', n / 10) + toupperRoman(n % 10);
if (n < 60)
return fill('X', 5 - n / 10) + 'L' + toupperRoman(n % 10);
if (n < 90)
return std::string("L") + fill('X', n / 10 - 5) + toupperRoman(n % 10);
if (n < 110)
return fill('X', 10 - n / 10) + "C" + toupperRoman(n % 10);
if (n < 400)
return fill('C', n / 100) + toupperRoman(n % 100);
if (n < 600)
return fill('C', 5 - n / 100) + 'D' + toupperRoman(n % 100);
if (n < 900)
return std::string("D") + fill('C', n / 100 - 5) +
toupperRoman(n % 100);
if (n < 1100)
return fill('C', 10 - n / 100) + "M" + toupperRoman(n % 100);
if (n < 4000)
return fill('M', n / 1000) + toupperRoman(n % 1000);
return "?";
}

/** main function */
int main() {
int n;
std::cout << "\t\tRoman numbers converter\n\n";
std::cout << "Type in decimal number between 0 up to 4000 (exclusive): ";
std::cin >> n;
std::cout << n << " in Upper Roman Numerals is " << toupperRoman(n) << "\n";
std::cout << n << " in Lower Roman Numerals is " << tolowerRoman(n) << "\n";
return 0;
}
```