#### Iterative Ternary Search

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```package com.thealgorithms.searches;

import static java.lang.String.format;

import com.thealgorithms.devutils.searches.SearchAlgorithm;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Random;
import java.util.stream.Stream;

/**
* A iterative version of a ternary search algorithm This is better way to
* implement the ternary search, because a recursive version adds some overhead
* to a stack. But in java the compile can transform the recursive version to
* iterative implicitly, so there are no much differences between these two
* algorithms
*
* <p>
* Worst-case performance Θ(log3(N)) Best-case performance O(1) Average
* performance Θ(log3(N)) Worst-case space complexity O(1)
*
* @author Podshivalov Nikita (https://github.com/nikitap492)
* @see SearchAlgorithm
* @see TernarySearch
* @since 2018-04-13
*/
public class IterativeTernarySearch implements SearchAlgorithm {

@Override
public <T extends Comparable<T>> int find(T[] array, T key) {
int left = 0;
int right = array.length - 1;

while (right > left) {
int leftCmp = array[left].compareTo(key);
int rightCmp = array[right].compareTo(key);
if (leftCmp == 0) {
return left;
}
if (rightCmp == 0) {
return right;
}

int leftThird = left + (right - left) / 3 + 1;
int rightThird = right - (right - left) / 3 - 1;

if (array[leftThird].compareTo(key) <= 0) {
left = leftThird;
} else {
right = rightThird;
}
}

return -1;
}

public static void main(String[] args) {
// just generate data
Random r = new Random();
int size = 100;
int maxElement = 100000;
Integer[] integers = Stream
.generate(() -> r.nextInt(maxElement))
.limit(size)
.sorted()
.toArray(Integer[]::new);

// the element that should be found
Integer shouldBeFound = integers[r.nextInt(size - 1)];

IterativeTernarySearch search = new IterativeTernarySearch();
int atIndex = search.find(integers, shouldBeFound);

System.out.println(
format(
"Should be found: %d. Found %d at index %d. An array length %d",
shouldBeFound,
integers[atIndex],
atIndex,
size
)
);

int toCheck = Arrays.binarySearch(integers, shouldBeFound);
System.out.println(
format(
"Found by system method at an index: %d. Is equal: %b",
toCheck,
toCheck == atIndex
)
);
}
}
```