#### Newtons Second Law of Motion

```"""
Description :
Newton's second law of motion pertains to the behavior of objects for which
all existing forces are not balanced.
The second law states that the acceleration of an object is dependent upon two variables
- the net force acting upon the object and the mass of the object.
The acceleration of an object depends directly
upon the net force acting upon the object,
and inversely upon the mass of the object.
As the force acting upon an object is increased,
the acceleration of the object is increased.
As the mass of an object is increased, the acceleration of the object is decreased.
Source: https://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/newtlaws/Lesson-3/Newton-s-Second-Law
Formulation: Fnet = m • a
Diagrammatic Explanation:
Forces are unbalanced
|
|
|
V
There is acceleration
/\
/  \
/    \
/      \
/        \
/          \
/            \
__________________   ____ ________________
|The acceleration |  |The acceleration   |
|depends directly |  |depends inversely  |
|on the net Force |  |upon the object's  |
|_________________|  |mass_______________|
Units:
1 Newton = 1 kg X meters / (seconds^2)
How to use?
Inputs:
___________________________________________________
|Name         | Units                   | Type      |
|-------------|-------------------------|-----------|
|mass         | (in kgs)                | float     |
|-------------|-------------------------|-----------|
|acceleration | (in meters/(seconds^2)) | float     |
|_____________|_________________________|___________|

Output:
___________________________________________________
|Name         | Units                   | Type      |
|-------------|-------------------------|-----------|
|force        | (in Newtons)            | float     |
|_____________|_________________________|___________|

"""

def newtons_second_law_of_motion(mass: float, acceleration: float) -> float:
"""
>>> newtons_second_law_of_motion(10, 10)
100
>>> newtons_second_law_of_motion(2.0, 1)
2.0
"""
force = float()
try:
force = mass * acceleration
except Exception:
return -0.0
return force

if __name__ == "__main__":
import doctest

# run doctest
doctest.testmod()

# demo
mass = 12.5
acceleration = 10
force = newtons_second_law_of_motion(mass, acceleration)
print("The force is ", force, "N")
```  