p

```
"""
This is an implementation of odd-even transposition sort.
It works by performing a series of parallel swaps between odd and even pairs of
variables in the list.
This implementation represents each variable in the list with a process and
each process communicates with its neighboring processes in the list to perform
comparisons.
They are synchronized with locks and message passing but other forms of
synchronization could be used.
"""
from multiprocessing import Lock, Pipe, Process
# lock used to ensure that two processes do not access a pipe at the same time
# NOTE This breaks testing on build runner. May work better locally
# process_lock = Lock()
"""
The function run by the processes that sorts the list
position = the position in the list the process represents, used to know which
neighbor we pass our value to
value = the initial value at list[position]
LSend, RSend = the pipes we use to send to our left and right neighbors
LRcv, RRcv = the pipes we use to receive from our left and right neighbors
resultPipe = the pipe used to send results back to main
"""
def oe_process(position, value, l_send, r_send, lr_cv, rr_cv, result_pipe):
process_lock = Lock()
# we perform n swaps since after n swaps we know we are sorted
# we *could* stop early if we are sorted already, but it takes as long to
# find out we are sorted as it does to sort the list with this algorithm
for i in range(10):
if (i + position) % 2 == 0 and r_send is not None:
# send your value to your right neighbor
process_lock.acquire()
r_send[1].send(value)
process_lock.release()
# receive your right neighbor's value
process_lock.acquire()
temp = rr_cv[0].recv()
process_lock.release()
# take the lower value since you are on the left
value = min(value, temp)
elif (i + position) % 2 != 0 and l_send is not None:
# send your value to your left neighbor
process_lock.acquire()
l_send[1].send(value)
process_lock.release()
# receive your left neighbor's value
process_lock.acquire()
temp = lr_cv[0].recv()
process_lock.release()
# take the higher value since you are on the right
value = max(value, temp)
# after all swaps are performed, send the values back to main
result_pipe[1].send(value)
"""
the function which creates the processes that perform the parallel swaps
arr = the list to be sorted
"""
def odd_even_transposition(arr):
"""
>>> odd_even_transposition(list(range(10)[::-1])) == sorted(list(range(10)[::-1]))
True
>>> odd_even_transposition(["a", "x", "c"]) == sorted(["x", "a", "c"])
True
>>> odd_even_transposition([1.9, 42.0, 2.8]) == sorted([1.9, 42.0, 2.8])
True
>>> odd_even_transposition([False, True, False]) == sorted([False, False, True])
True
>>> odd_even_transposition([1, 32.0, 9]) == sorted([False, False, True])
False
>>> odd_even_transposition([1, 32.0, 9]) == sorted([1.0, 32, 9.0])
True
>>> unsorted_list = [-442, -98, -554, 266, -491, 985, -53, -529, 82, -429]
>>> odd_even_transposition(unsorted_list) == sorted(unsorted_list)
True
>>> unsorted_list = [-442, -98, -554, 266, -491, 985, -53, -529, 82, -429]
>>> odd_even_transposition(unsorted_list) == sorted(unsorted_list + [1])
False
"""
process_array_ = []
result_pipe = []
# initialize the list of pipes where the values will be retrieved
for _ in arr:
result_pipe.append(Pipe())
# creates the processes
# the first and last process only have one neighbor so they are made outside
# of the loop
temp_rs = Pipe()
temp_rr = Pipe()
process_array_.append(
Process(
target=oe_process,
args=(0, arr[0], None, temp_rs, None, temp_rr, result_pipe[0]),
)
)
temp_lr = temp_rs
temp_ls = temp_rr
for i in range(1, len(arr) - 1):
temp_rs = Pipe()
temp_rr = Pipe()
process_array_.append(
Process(
target=oe_process,
args=(i, arr[i], temp_ls, temp_rs, temp_lr, temp_rr, result_pipe[i]),
)
)
temp_lr = temp_rs
temp_ls = temp_rr
process_array_.append(
Process(
target=oe_process,
args=(
len(arr) - 1,
arr[len(arr) - 1],
temp_ls,
None,
temp_lr,
None,
result_pipe[len(arr) - 1],
),
)
)
# start the processes
for p in process_array_:
p.start()
# wait for the processes to end and write their values to the list
for p in range(len(result_pipe)):
arr[p] = result_pipe[p][0].recv()
process_array_[p].join()
return arr
# creates a reverse sorted list and sorts it
def main():
arr = list(range(10, 0, -1))
print("Initial List")
print(*arr)
arr = odd_even_transposition(arr)
print("Sorted List\n")
print(*arr)
if __name__ == "__main__":
main()
```