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Peak Signal to Noise Ratio

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"""
Peak signal-to-noise ratio - PSNR
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peak_signal-to-noise_ratio
Source:
https://tutorials.techonical.com/how-to-calculate-psnr-value-of-two-images-using-python
"""

import math
import os

import cv2
import numpy as np


def psnr(original: float, contrast: float) -> float:
    mse = np.mean((original - contrast) ** 2)
    if mse == 0:
        return 100
    PIXEL_MAX = 255.0
    PSNR = 20 * math.log10(PIXEL_MAX / math.sqrt(mse))
    return PSNR


def main() -> None:
    dir_path = os.path.dirname(os.path.realpath(__file__))
    # Loading images (original image and compressed image)
    original = cv2.imread(os.path.join(dir_path, "image_data/original_image.png"))
    contrast = cv2.imread(os.path.join(dir_path, "image_data/compressed_image.png"), 1)

    original2 = cv2.imread(os.path.join(dir_path, "image_data/PSNR-example-base.png"))
    contrast2 = cv2.imread(
        os.path.join(dir_path, "image_data/PSNR-example-comp-10.jpg"), 1
    )

    # Value expected: 29.73dB
    print("-- First Test --")
    print(f"PSNR value is {psnr(original, contrast)} dB")

    # # Value expected: 31.53dB (Wikipedia Example)
    print("\n-- Second Test --")
    print(f"PSNR value is {psnr(original2, contrast2)} dB")


if __name__ == "__main__":
    main()