A

d

p

P

```
import math
def perfect_square(num: int) -> bool:
"""
Check if a number is perfect square number or not
:param num: the number to be checked
:return: True if number is square number, otherwise False
>>> perfect_square(9)
True
>>> perfect_square(16)
True
>>> perfect_square(1)
True
>>> perfect_square(0)
True
>>> perfect_square(10)
False
"""
return math.sqrt(num) * math.sqrt(num) == num
def perfect_square_binary_search(n: int) -> bool:
"""
Check if a number is perfect square using binary search.
Time complexity : O(Log(n))
Space complexity: O(1)
>>> perfect_square_binary_search(9)
True
>>> perfect_square_binary_search(16)
True
>>> perfect_square_binary_search(1)
True
>>> perfect_square_binary_search(0)
True
>>> perfect_square_binary_search(10)
False
>>> perfect_square_binary_search(-1)
False
>>> perfect_square_binary_search(1.1)
False
>>> perfect_square_binary_search("a")
Traceback (most recent call last):
...
TypeError: '<=' not supported between instances of 'int' and 'str'
>>> perfect_square_binary_search(None)
Traceback (most recent call last):
...
TypeError: '<=' not supported between instances of 'int' and 'NoneType'
>>> perfect_square_binary_search([])
Traceback (most recent call last):
...
TypeError: '<=' not supported between instances of 'int' and 'list'
"""
left = 0
right = n
while left <= right:
mid = (left + right) // 2
if mid**2 == n:
return True
elif mid**2 > n:
right = mid - 1
else:
left = mid + 1
return False
if __name__ == "__main__":
import doctest
doctest.testmod()
```