M

```
/**
* @file
* @brief [Travelling Salesman Problem]
* (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Travelling_salesman_problem) implementation
*
* @author [Mayank Mamgain](http://github.com/Mayank17M)
*
* @details
* Travelling salesman problem asks:
* Given a list of cities and the distances between each pair of cities, what is
* the shortest possible route that visits each city exactly once and returns to
* the origin city?
* TSP can be modeled as an undirected weighted graph, such that cities are the
* graph's vertices, paths are the graph's edges, and a path's distance is the
* edge's weight. It is a minimization problem starting and finishing at a
* specified vertex after having visited each other vertex exactly once.
* This is the naive implementation of the problem.
*/
#include <algorithm> /// for std::min
#include <cassert> /// for assert
#include <iostream> /// for IO operations
#include <limits> /// for limits of integral types
#include <vector> /// for std::vector
/**
* @namespace graph
* @brief Graph Algorithms
*/
namespace graph {
/**
* @brief Function calculates the minimum path distance that will cover all the
* cities starting from the source.
*
* @param cities matrix representation of cities
* @param src Point from where salesman is starting
* @param V number of vertices in the graph
*
*/
int TravellingSalesmanProblem(std::vector<std::vector<uint32_t>> *cities,
int32_t src, uint32_t V) {
//// vtx stores the vertexs of the graph
std::vector<uint32_t> vtx;
for (uint32_t i = 0; i < V; i++) {
if (i != src) {
vtx.push_back(i);
}
}
//// store minimum weight Hamiltonian Cycle.
int32_t min_path = 2147483647;
do {
//// store current Path weight(cost)
int32_t curr_weight = 0;
//// compute current path weight
int k = src;
for (int i : vtx) {
curr_weight += (*cities)[k][i];
k = i;
}
curr_weight += (*cities)[k][src];
//// update minimum
min_path = std::min(min_path, curr_weight);
} while (next_permutation(vtx.begin(), vtx.end()));
return min_path;
}
} // namespace graph
/**
* @brief Self-test implementations
* @returns void
*/
static void tests() {
std::cout << "Initiatinig Predefined Tests..." << std::endl;
std::cout << "Initiating Test 1..." << std::endl;
std::vector<std::vector<uint32_t>> cities = {
{0, 20, 42, 35}, {20, 0, 30, 34}, {42, 30, 0, 12}, {35, 34, 12, 0}};
uint32_t V = cities.size();
assert(graph::TravellingSalesmanProblem(&cities, 0, V) == 97);
std::cout << "1st test passed..." << std::endl;
std::cout << "Initiating Test 2..." << std::endl;
cities = {{0, 5, 10, 15}, {5, 0, 20, 30}, {10, 20, 0, 35}, {15, 30, 35, 0}};
V = cities.size();
assert(graph::TravellingSalesmanProblem(&cities, 0, V) == 75);
std::cout << "2nd test passed..." << std::endl;
std::cout << "Initiating Test 3..." << std::endl;
cities = {
{0, 10, 15, 20}, {10, 0, 35, 25}, {15, 35, 0, 30}, {20, 25, 30, 0}};
V = cities.size();
assert(graph::TravellingSalesmanProblem(&cities, 0, V) == 80);
std::cout << "3rd test passed..." << std::endl;
}
/**
* @brief Main function
* @returns 0 on exit
*/
int main() {
tests(); // run self-test implementations
std::vector<std::vector<uint32_t>> cities = {
{0, 5, 10, 15}, {5, 0, 20, 30}, {10, 20, 0, 35}, {15, 30, 35, 0}};
uint32_t V = cities.size();
std::cout << graph::TravellingSalesmanProblem(&cities, 0, V) << std::endl;
return 0;
}
```