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LETTERS = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ"


def main() -> None:
    message = input("Enter message: ")
    key = input("Enter key [alphanumeric]: ")
    mode = input("Encrypt/Decrypt [e/d]: ")

    if mode.lower().startswith("e"):
        mode = "encrypt"
        translated = encryptMessage(key, message)
    elif mode.lower().startswith("d"):
        mode = "decrypt"
        translated = decryptMessage(key, message)

    print("\n%sed message:" % mode.title())
    print(translated)


def encryptMessage(key: str, message: str) -> str:
    """
    >>> encryptMessage('HDarji', 'This is Harshil Darji from Dharmaj.')
    'Akij ra Odrjqqs Gaisq muod Mphumrs.'
    """
    return translateMessage(key, message, "encrypt")


def decryptMessage(key: str, message: str) -> str:
    """
    >>> decryptMessage('HDarji', 'Akij ra Odrjqqs Gaisq muod Mphumrs.')
    'This is Harshil Darji from Dharmaj.'
    """
    return translateMessage(key, message, "decrypt")


def translateMessage(key: str, message: str, mode: str) -> str:
    translated = []
    keyIndex = 0
    key = key.upper()

    for symbol in message:
        num = LETTERS.find(symbol.upper())
        if num != -1:
            if mode == "encrypt":
                num += LETTERS.find(key[keyIndex])
            elif mode == "decrypt":
                num -= LETTERS.find(key[keyIndex])

            num %= len(LETTERS)

            if symbol.isupper():
                translated.append(LETTERS[num])
            elif symbol.islower():
                translated.append(LETTERS[num].lower())

            keyIndex += 1
            if keyIndex == len(key):
                keyIndex = 0
        else:
            translated.append(symbol)
    return "".join(translated)


if __name__ == "__main__":
    main()

Vigenere Cipher

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