"""
This algorithm was created for sdbm (a public-domain reimplementation of ndbm)
database library.
It was found to do well in scrambling bits, causing better distribution of the keys
and fewer splits.
It also happens to be a good general hashing function with good distribution.
The actual function (pseudo code) is:
for i in i..len(str):
hash(i) = hash(i - 1) * 65599 + str[i];
What is included below is the faster version used in gawk. [there is even a faster,
duff-device version]
The magic constant 65599 was picked out of thin air while experimenting with
different constants.
It turns out to be a prime.
This is one of the algorithms used in berkeley db (see sleepycat) and elsewhere.
source: http://www.cse.yorku.ca/~oz/hash.html
"""
def sdbm(plain_text: str) -> int:
"""
Function implements sdbm hash, easy to use, great for bits scrambling.
iterates over each character in the given string and applies function to each of
them.
>>> sdbm('Algorithms')
1462174910723540325254304520539387479031000036
>>> sdbm('scramble bits')
730247649148944819640658295400555317318720608290373040936089
"""
hash_value = 0
for plain_chr in plain_text:
hash_value = (
ord(plain_chr) + (hash_value << 6) + (hash_value << 16) - hash_value
)
return hash_value