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Stack Array List

A
package com.thealgorithms.datastructures.stacks;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.EmptyStackException;

/**
 * This class implements a Stack using an ArrayList.
 *
 * <p>
 * A stack is exactly what it sounds like. An element gets added to the top of
 * the stack and only the element on the top may be removed.
 *
 * <p>
 * This is an ArrayList Implementation of a stack, where size is not a problem
 * we can extend the stack as much as we want.
 */
public class StackArrayList {

    /**
     * Driver Code
     */
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        StackArrayList stack = new StackArrayList();
        assert stack.isEmpty();

        for (int i = 1; i <= 5; ++i) {
            stack.push(i);
            assert stack.size() == i;
        }

        assert stack.size() == 5;
        assert stack.peek() == 5 && stack.pop() == 5 && stack.peek() == 4;

        /* pop elements at the top of this stack one by one */
        while (!stack.isEmpty()) {
            stack.pop();
        }
        assert stack.isEmpty();

        try {
            stack.pop();
            assert false;
            /* this should not happen */
        } catch (EmptyStackException e) {
            assert true;
            /* this should happen */
        }
    }

    /**
     * ArrayList representation of the stack
     */
    private ArrayList<Integer> stack;

    /**
     * Constructor
     */
    public StackArrayList() {
        stack = new ArrayList<>();
    }

    /**
     * Adds value to the end of list which is the top for stack
     *
     * @param value value to be added
     */
    public void push(int value) {
        stack.add(value);
    }

    /**
     * Removes the element at the top of this stack and returns
     *
     * @return Element popped
     * @throws EmptyStackException if the stack is empty.
     */
    public int pop() {
        if (isEmpty()) {
            throw new EmptyStackException();
        }

        /* remove the element on the top of the stack */
        return stack.remove(stack.size() - 1);
    }

    /**
     * Test if the stack is empty.
     *
     * @return {@code true} if this stack is empty, {@code false} otherwise.
     */
    public boolean isEmpty() {
        return stack.isEmpty();
    }

    /**
     * Return the element at the top of this stack without removing it from the
     * stack.
     *
     * @return the element at the top of this stack.
     */
    public int peek() {
        if (isEmpty()) {
            throw new EmptyStackException();
        }
        return stack.get(stack.size() - 1);
    }

    /**
     * Return size of this stack.
     *
     * @return size of this stack.
     */
    public int size() {
        return stack.size();
    }
}